Pelvic organ prolapse and stress urinary incontinence are often situations where patients silently live with daily discomfort, trying to “endure” the condition. In such cases, you should not be embarrassed but promptly turn to specialists for help. Pelvic organ prolapse, otherwise known as prolapse or pelvic floor dysfunction, is a situation in which the bladder, rectum, or uterus “bulges” outward through the vagina due to reduced support for the muscles, fascia, and ligaments of the pelvic floor.
Before moving on to physical therapy for pelvic pain, you need to determine the cause of the problem. There are many reasons for such violations, but the main one is increased intra-abdominal pressure. Such pressure can occur during childbirth if the patient is overweight, has a chronic cough (bronchial asthma, smoking), or is engaged in weightlifting.
Chronic pelvic pain is persistent or intermittent pain that is present in the pelvis in men or women for more than six months. Pain is often associated with emotional deterioration and may be accompanied by complaints about reproductive, sexual, and urinary functions. Chronic pelvic pain in urology has several forms and manifestations: painful bladder syndrome, chronic prostatitis, and chronic pelvic pain syndrome.
Pathology can occur both due to inflammatory processes and for other reasons. In men, this syndrome most often indicates the development of chronic prostatitis. In women, chronic pelvic pain typically occurs during menstruation or after intercourse. Of course, with chronic pelvic pain, you need to see a doctor (men should visit an andrologist, women—a gynecologist).
The pelvic floor plays an essential role in the correct location of the internal organs, the smooth operation of the urinary and gastrointestinal tracts, and the provision of sexual and reproductive functions. Soft tissues (muscles, fascia, and ligaments) support the pelvic floor organs. Pelvic floor disorders and problems are characterized by the weakening of the tissues that support the pelvic floor, which affects the biomechanics of the pelvic floor organs.
Pelvic floor work may accompany physical therapy for pelvic pain or procedures. Pelvic floor dysfunction affects every woman’s quality of life, social life, and self-confidence.