Chronic pelvic pain is persistent or intermittent pain that is present in the pelvis in men or women for more than six months. Pain is often associated with emotional deterioration and may be accompanied by complaints about reproductive, sexual, and urinary functions. Chronic pelvic pain in urology has several forms and manifestations: painful bladder syndrome, chronic prostatitis, and chronic pelvic pain syndrome.
Pathology can occur both due to inflammatory processes and for other reasons. In men, this syndrome most often indicates the development of chronic prostatitis. In women, chronic pelvic pain typically occurs during menstruation or after intercourse. Of course, with chronic pelvic pain, you need to see a doctor (men should visit an andrologist, women—a gynecologist).
Causes of Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome
The causes of pain in the pelvic organs in women are often inflammatory diseases and gynecological pathologies, as well as congenital anomalies of the reproductive system. Common causes of pain in the pelvic region are uterine fibroids, atresia (obstruction) of the cervical canal, and endometriosis. The latter disease is associated with other pathologies:
- chronic cystitis;
- genital tuberculosis;
- oncological diseases of the ovaries;
- varicose veins in the pelvic area and other vascular diseases;
- divergence of the pubic bones.
The causes of chronic pelvic pain syndrome in men are different from those in women. Male pelvic pain occurs due to the following phenomena:
- chronic prostatitis;
- stones in the prostate;
- prostate cyst;
- chronic urethritis;
- chronic urinary tract infections;
- genital tumors;
- adhesions in the pelvic organs;
- chronic constipation;
Treatment Options for Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome
The efforts of doctors should be aimed at identifying the actual cause of pain and eliminating it. In addition, it is necessary to stop the pain syndrome. To eliminate the causes of pelvic pain, antibacterial, antiviral, and anti-inflammatory drugs are used. In addition, antispasmodics are used that relax smooth muscles. The doctor may prescribe hormone therapy, which is treated with antioxidants and vitamins.
If you suffer from chronic pelvic pain, see a specialist. Treatment of chronic pelvic pain syndrome in the United States is always carried out complexly. It is carried out taking into account the patient’s individual characteristics, which makes it possible to achieve pronounced positive results.
Success in the treatment of CPP will be achieved through the use of modern pain management tools, the creation of interdisciplinary pain centers, and the use of the principles of personalized medicine. It cannot be done at home, and Self-medication can harm your body.